top of page
Direct Democracy


Arthur Lupia, Yanna Krupnikov, Adam Seth Levine, Spencer Piston, and Alexander Von Hagen-Jamar. 2010. "Why State Constitutions Differ in Their Treatment of Same-Sex Marriage." The Journal of Politics 72 (4): 1222-35. Replication Information. Data.


Arthur Lupia and Mathew D. McCubbins. 2005. The Democratic Dilemma: Can Citizens Learn What They Need to Know?  (Japanese translation). Tokyo: Bokutakusha. [Data Available Here]


Arthur Lupia and John G. Matsusaka. 2004. "Direct Democracy: New Approaches to Old Problems." Annual Review of Political Science 7: 463–482


Elisabeth R. Gerber, Arthur Lupia and Mathew McCubbins. 2004. "When Does Government Limit the Impact of Voter Initiatives?" Journal of Politics 66 (1): 43–68


Arthur Lupia. 2002. "Who Can Persuade Whom? Implications from the Nexus of Psychology and Rational Choice Theory." In James H. Kuklinski (ed.) Thinking About Political Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press, 51–88.  [Book Available Here]


Arthur Lupia and Richard Johnston. 2001. "Are Voters to Blame? Voter Competence and Elite Maneuvers in Public Referendums." In Matthew Mendelsohn and Andrew Parkin (eds.) Referendum Democracy: Citizens, Elites, and Deliberation in Referendum Campaigns. Toronto: MacMillan/St. Martin's Press, 191-210.  [Book Available Here]


Arthur Lupia. 2001. "Dumber than Chimps? An Assessment of Direct Democracy Voters." In Larry J. Sabato, Bruce Larson, and Howard Ernst (eds.) Dangerous Democracy? The Battle Over Ballot Initiatives in America. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 66–70.  [Book Available Here]


Elisabeth R. Gerber, Arthur Lupia, Mathew D. McCubbins, and D. Roderick Kiewiet. 2001. Stealing the Initiative: How State Government Responds to Direct Democracy. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall. 


Elisabeth R. Gerber and Arthur Lupia. 1999. "Voter Competence in Direct Legislation Elections." In Steven L. Elkin and Karol E. Soltan (eds.) Citizen Competence and Democratic Institutions. University Park, PA: Penn State Press, 147–160.  [Book Available Here]


Arthur Lupia and Mathew D. McCubbins. 1998. The Democratic Dilemma: Can Citizens Learn What They Need to Know? New York: Cambridge University Press. [Data Available Here]


Elisabeth Gerber and Arthur Lupia. 1995. "Campaign Competition and Policy Responsiveness in Direct Legislation Campaigns." Political Behavior 17 (3): 287--306. 


Arthur Lupia. 1994. "The Effect of Information on Voting Behavior and Electoral Outcomes: An Experimental Study of Direct Legislation." Public Choice 78: 65--86. 


Arthur Lupia. 1994. "Shortcuts Versus Encyclopedias: Information and Voting Behavior in California Insurance Reform Elections." American Political Science Review 88 (1): 63--76. 

[Data Available Here] Replication materials on articles page.


Arthur Lupia. 1993. "Credibility and the Responsiveness of Direct Legislation." In William A. Barnett, Norman J. Schofield and Melvin J. Hinich (eds.) Political Economy: Institutions, Competition and Representation. New York: Cambridge University Press, 379--404.  [Book Available Here.]


Arthur Lupia. 1992. "Busy Voters, Agenda Control and the Power of Information." American Political Science Review 86 (2): 390--403. 


bottom of page